Also known as Endoscopic Dacryocystorhinostomy, the tear duct surgery is quite popular among adults. Tears are produced in the tear gland and by lubricating the eyes, tears play an important role in maintaining the eye health. When the eye is irritated, excess tears are produced and the tear film on the eye surface is a crucial constituent of maintaining the eye vision. Tears wash away the debris and fill up the surface.
If any disturbance is found in the tear film, patients are sure to experience the blurred vision, irritation, burning and tearing. This way, tear duct surgery might be the ideal solution, but only after attempting simpler solutions.
Enhanced Tear Production & Dry Eyes
Generally, the eye has 2 different set of structures that bring forth the tears. Little tear glands enable to keep a standard level of wetness on the eye surface. Alas, inflammatory conditions such as: Sjogrens disease and rheumatoid lead to reduced tear creation. As tear production decreases, the eye surface initiates to dry out. Plus, redness of the oil glands across the edge of the eyelid quite common among patients with rosacea can cause vaporization of the tear film. As a consequence, the dry eye becomes watery and patients with dry eyes face irregular tearing of the eyes when going outside on the stormy day, using a computer, watching TV, driving and reading. These all become the reason of the eyes to dry out as the eyes blinks little during the performance of these activities.
The procedure for dry eyes comprise of – replacement of tears with artificial lubricants, medicines like Restasis that boosts the natural tear generation to resume and then tear duct surgery.
Causes of Tear Duct Surgery
An obstacle of the tear duct may arises due to various reasons – tumors, medications, inflammatory conditions, trauma, aging and cause various symptoms such as: infection, pain, swelling or tearing with discharge. These symptoms and signs may effect the tear drainage system which is becoming blocked at any point of time from the puncta to the nasal cavity.
Several Symptoms of Obstructed Tear Ducts
If the tear passageways become obstructed, tears may over spill from the eyelids onto your face as if you were weeping. In addition to inordinate tearing you may also experience painful swelling, eye irritation, mucous discharge and blurred vision. A complete examination by Dr. Myint can ascertain the cause of tearing which may be as easy as using eye drops or you may even need tear duct surgery.
What is the Way of Repairing Obstructed Tear Duct?
Depending upon your severity and symptoms, Dr. Myint will recommend a suitable course. Mainly, tear duct surgery is carried out as an outpatient treatment. Usually, patients have some swelling and bruising. Generally, the surgery has a 95% success rate.